In 2005, Benjamin Smith, III, was arrested and charged in Florida with unauthorized access to a computer network. In 2006, David Kauchak pleaded guilty in Illinois to “remotely accessing another computer system without the owner’s approval”. In 2007, Michigan resident Sam Peterson was charged under the state’s “Fraudulent access to computers, computer systems, and computer networks” law. Each time, the “criminal” was observed using a laptop computer from their vehicles outside of a business or home. They were taking advantage of unsecured wireless networks to gain access to the Internet.